An Empirical Investigation of the Relationships among Spirituality, Well-Being, and Psychological Health.

Az Athirah Zubairi, Siti Salwa Md Sawari


In this paper researchers will examine the relationship between spirituality, well-being, and the  psychological health.  The design used for the study is survey research design to explore the uniqueness population of interest, and for the standardization of measurement. This study is a quantitative in nature, whereby researcher used  Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) (Paloutzian and Ellison, 1982)  to assess the spiritual well-being of the participants. On the other hand, psychological health was measured by three different set of questionnaires; General Self-Efficacy (GSES), Rosernberg Self-Esteem (RSE) and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). Result in this study indicated that spiritual health is significantly associated with psychological health; self-efficacy, self-esteem and life satisfaction.


Spiritual Health, Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction.

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