An Analysis of the Main Villain Character Bertrand Zobrist in Dan Brown’s Inferno- A Psychological Approach

Citra Kartika Devi


Every person in this world is different; there is no single person who is exactly the same as another. The reason for all the differences of every living human being in this world is because they all possess different personality. According to Sigmund Freud, there are three aspects that shape a person’s personality; id, ego, and superego. The three aspects can also be applied in shaping a personality of a character in a novel. It is why the writer interested in analyzing the main character of Dan Brown’s Inferno novel, Bertrand Zobrist. The aims of this research are; 1.) To find out the characteristics of the main villain character Bertrand Zobrist, 2.) To find out psychotic evidences suffered from by Bertrand Zobrist which led him to commit suicide and, 3.) To find out the evidences that shows id, ego and superego appeared in Bertrand Zobrist character. The writer uses descriptive qualitative methods in analyzing the data. The results of the analysis showed that; 1.) Bertrand Zobrist are; genius, psychotic, loneliness, obsessed and fanatic toward Dante, idealism and also a transhumanist. 2.) Some of the events have been experienced by Bertrand Zobrist course provides enormous mental pressure on him, it also seen on his psychical appearance changed in Zobrist. The peak of the mental stress was when Zobrist choose to commit suicide by jumping from Badia tower rather than arrested by the WHO. 3.) The Freud’s id, ego, and superego found in the character of Bertrand Zobrist are as the following; a.) The id that works in Bertrand Zobirst are enormous which then motivate him to balance the earth by exterminating human population and also his sexual energy. b.) Bertrand’s ego is when he still continues making the virus to reducing human population (the execution of id). c.) Bertrand’s superego is when he realizes that he has to save the world from over population



Bertrand Zobrist, Inferno, characteristics, novel, psychotic, psychological approach.

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