Local Self Government as a Tool of Good Governance

Bilal Ahmad Dar, Tariq Ahmad Zai


Good Governance is about procedure for making decisions and put them in practice. It is not about the correct decisions only, but about the best possible process for making those decisions. The fundamental requirement of Good Governance is accountability, transparency, rule of law, responsive, equitable and inclusive and participation by the masses. Good Governance cannot be achieved without efficient and effective public administration and management systems. On the other hand, public administration and management systems may be ineffective and inefficient in the environment of poor governance characterized by the lack of basic freedoms, lack of respect for the rule of law, autocratic and unpredictable leadership. Since 1992,local governance in India takes place in two distinct forms rural localities and urban localities under 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments respectively. It is local self government institutions which creates an environment to enjoy democracy. Local self government institutions can better consider the local problems and can solve these problems adequately and properly. As the members of local self government institutions are local people, so they can realize and understand the gravity of local problems more seriously than state administrators. The encouragement of people in participating democratic activities without bias and prejudice is main achievement of local self government institutions. There is no denying the fact that indicators of Good Governance are highly applicable in the system of local self government institutions.

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