Land and Water Resource Management and Sustainable Development of Agriculture in India

Sonia Ahlawat


The agriculture growth and development depends on judicious use of land and water. Since mid-60s India has experienced a steady growth in food grain and the cash crops by adopting the high yielding variety of seeds and assured irrigation in under ‘Green-revolution’ programme in the north western part of India, On the other hand, the dominancy of rice in the north-western part of India and some of parts of western part of Godavari district of Odisha has given rise to lope-sided regional approach to the agricultural policy makers in India. In addition, this trend has given rise to development of millions of hectare of waste land, water logged lands and saline and alkaline lands within these ‘Green Revolution’ regions of India. Keeping in view the gravity of the problems, it become a paramount need to make the judicious use of land, water and other inputs so that the agriculture development may take place in a judicious way. It requires consistent efforts by the agricultural scientists, extension officials and the community’s active participation, who may contribute significantly to lead the sustainable agriculture and ensure the food security for the growing population of India.

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