A Study about First Information Report (FIR) and Its Various Aspects under Criminal Law.

Anil Balhera


First Information Report (FIR) is a document which is prepared by the police in written when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence. The main objective of lodging FIR is to set the criminal law into motion and not to provide all the minute details of the instance. It is a report of information that reaches the police first in point of time and that is why it is called ‘First Information Report’. It can be used only for limited purpose, like corroborating the maker thereof or as one of res-gestae or for being tendered in a proper case under section 32(1) of Evidence Act.

The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India, while delivering its judgment in the matter of T.T. Antony v. State of Kerala andOrs. Laid down certain important points regarding Section 154 of CrPC “Information given under sub-section (1) of section 154 of CrPC, is commonly known as the FIR, though this term is not used in the code… and as its nick name suggests, it is a earliest and the first information of the cognizable offence recorded by an officer in charge of a police station”.

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