Connection Of Converters To A Low And Medium Power Dc Network Using An Inductor Circuit



The generator voltage of a cutting-edge wind turbine generation system (WTGS) is expected to increase from the conventional low-voltage level of 690 V to a medium-voltage level of 6.6 kV with a power level up to 10 MW without the application of a parallel connection of multiple power units.  On the other hand, it is difficult to see a conventional two-level or three-level converter in a WTGS with a dc-link voltage of 10– 13 kV owing to the limitations on the voltage ratings of power devices.

This paper presents a 10-MW WTGS consisting of a three-phase open winding synchronous generator equipped with six lead terminals and a modular multilevel cascade converter (MMCC) formed by three identical sub-converters. The MMCC carries out direct ac/ac power conversion from three single-phase voltages with a time-varying frequency (from the generator) to a three-phase voltage with a line frequency of 50 Hz. This paper discusses the operating principles and control methods for the WTGS, followed by simulations using the software package “PSCAD/EMTDC.”

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