Analysis Of Accidents Using Gis

Uma Mageswari. M


The economic growth of any country depends upon its transportation network,
comprising of road, rail and air connectivity, of these road is the critical one. A good
network of road is important as it provides connectivity between rural and urban areas.
Along with this, road safety is an equally important aspect. It plays a key role towards a
sustainable transportation development strategy. The adverse impact of modern road
transportation systems is injury and loss of life due to road incidents. While the road
incident situation is improving in the high income industrialized countries, most
developing countries are facing a worsening situation. The continuous socio-economic
growth over the years is causing an increase in demand for transport service including
road transport. With the number of vehicles on the road growing rapidly, more road
conflicts develop visà- vis traffic incidents (Saxena, 2000). It is observed that most of
these incidents result from human error and carelessness on the part of the drivers or
However, the probability of occurrence, and its severity, can often be reduced
by the application of proper traffic control devices, and sound roadway design practice.
The success or failure of such control devices and design specifications however, depend
extensively upon the analysis of traffic incident records at specific locations.
The main objective of the study is to make an assessment of incident pattern
considering spatial temporal aspects in the road incident analysis according to yearly,
monthly and other variations.

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