Islam and Terrorism: An Overview

Murtala Muhammad Aminu


It is quite obvious terrorism affects all nations around the globe and it has many forms, with different meanings depending on the angle one views it. Many countries define terrorism, draw up terrorist profiles, and publish lists of terrorists’ organizations in the light of their own national interests. A terrorist organization to some countries is limited to freedom fighters to others. What one country sees as terrorist nations, another welcomes as loyal allies, but in general term, terrorism is the use of threat of violence to create fear and harm. The word Islam means submission and peace. True religions thus reflect submission to the will of Allah, which begets peace and harmony with fellow human beings and with all creation. It is no wonder, therefore, that Islam as part of its attempts to ensure there is harmony and peace has directed all Muslims to avoid anything likely to bring about dissention, division, disunity and strife. Therefore, Islam like any other religion in the world cannot be held accountable for global terrorism. This paper recommends that it is desirous for the Muslim world to educate their followers on the principles of Islam and also have dialogue with the leaders of other religions on the activities of terrorists. It is also important for United Nations to issue guidelines on the fight against terrorism which must focused on the activities of terrorists around the world without shifting blame to any religion. These guidelines shall state the importance of world peace without undermining human rights and freedom of religion.    

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