A New Integrated Inverter or Converter Circuit for Motor Drives with Dualmode Control for EV/HEV Applications



In recent years, renewable energy sources such as photovoltaic (PV), wind, fuel cell, etc gain importance due to the limitations of conventional energy sources. Renewable energy sources play an important role in rural areas where the power transmission from conventional energy sources is difficult. Other advantages of renewable energy sources are clean, light and does not pollute atmosphere. In order to meet the required load demand, it is better to integrate the renewable energy sources with the load. Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) powered by electric machines and an internal combustion engine (ICE) are a promising mean of reducing emissions and fuel consumption without compromising vehicle functionality and driving performances. The proposed integrated circuit allows the permanent magnet synchronous motor to operate in motor mode or acts as boost inductors of the boost converter, and thereby boosting the output torque coupled to the same transmission system or dc-link voltage of the inverter connected to the output of the integrated circuit. Electric Motors, those are used for EV propulsion must have high efficiency for maximum utilization of the energy from batteries and/or fuel cells. Motor control algorithm for a dual power split system is proposed for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). A new control technique for the proposed integrated circuit under boost converter mode is proposed to increase the efficiency. Since the light load performance is in recent focus of interest, appropriate algorithms to improve light load efficiency were implemented. The proposed control technique is to use interleaved control to significantly reduce the current ripple and thereby reducing the losses and thermal stress under heavy-load condition.  In order to evaluate performance of the control algorithm, HEV simulator is developed using MATLAB/ Simulink. Finally PV fed converter model is connected to induction motor and check the speed torque characteristics of IM. Matlab/Simulink model is developed and simulation results are presented.

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