Exploring the ICT Literacy Competence Standard for Teachers

Ruuhina Binti Mohd Sani, Arumugam Raman


ICT transformation in education around the world began in the 17th century; since then, technology education has adopted various methods to help teachers in classroom. Now, in the 21st century, the education system requires teachers and school administrators to apply new information and communication technologies that provide knowledge to practice their abilities and skills.  This paper aims to discuss the use of Delphi technique in identifying ICT literacy competencies for teachers in Malaysia. Delphi technique is an approach that is used to get a consensus from experts and this technique involved several rounds of questionnaires. The Delphi technique process provided an effective methodology for identifying the complex series of events needed to explore. This study comprised a total of 20 experts included officials from the State Education Department, officers from the District Education Office, lecturer from Institute of Teacher Education, primary school teachers and secondary school teachers in Terengganu. Two rounds of the Delphi process were needed to satisfy the criteria for consensus in this study. It is hoped that the proposed standards could be serve as guidance as well as the basis for training programs for teachers in Malaysia.

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