Design and Simulation of Fuzzy Controlled D-STATCOM to Enhance Power Quality



Distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM) is a shunt compensation device that is generally used to solve power quality problems in distribution systems. In an all-electric ship power system, power quality issues arise due to high-energy demand loads such as pulse loads. In this project a new algorithm to generate reference voltage for a distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM) operating in voltage-control mode. Three filter capacitors, one for each phase, are connected in parallel with the DSTATCOM to eliminate high-frequency switching components. The voltage across the filter capacitor is controlled by a dead-beat controller to maintain the AC bus voltage. The magnitude of the bus voltage is chosen as nominal value, i.e., 1.0 p.u., while its phase angle is obtained through a feedback loop that maintains the voltage across the DC storage capacitors. The proposed scheme ensures that unity power factor (UPF) is achieved at the load terminal during nominal operation, which is not possible in the traditional method. Also, the compensator injects lower currents and, therefore, reduces losses in the feeder and voltage-source inverter. Nearly UPF is maintained, while regulating voltage at the load terminal, during load change. The state-space model of DSTATCOM is incorporated with the deadbeat predictive controller for fast load voltage regulation during voltage disturbances. DSTATCOM to tackle power-quality issues by providing power factor correction, harmonic elimination, load balancing, and voltage regulation based on the load requirement and simulation results are presented by using Matlab/Simulink platform.

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