Biochemical analysis of leaves of medicinal plant i.e. Azadirachta indica.

Arish Khanam


India is endowed with a rich wealth of medicinal plants. India recognized more than 2500 plant species which have medicinal values. In recent decades, the low cost and milder side effects of herbal medicines, compared to conventional synthetic drugs have enhanced their worldwide use. Plants are like natural laboratories where a great number of chemicals are biosynthesized and infect them may be considered the most important source of chemical compounds. Laboratory evaluations were made to access the study of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids in leaves of Azadirachta indica collected from different areas i.e. industrial area (Sikandara), residential area ( Vibhav Nagar) commercial area (Sadar Market), public area (St. Peter’s School) and hospital area ( Lady Loyal) of Agra region. The highest amount of chlorophyll a 0.361 mg/g, chlorophyll b 0.645 mg/g in residential area (Vibhav Nagar) and carotenoids 0.250 mg/g was observed in public area (St. Peter’s school). Similarly lowest amount of chlorophyll a 0.183 mg/g, chlorophyll b 0.132 mg/g and carotenoids, 0.209 mg/g was observed in industrial area (Sikandara).

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