Geographical Analysis of Child Sex Ratio in Haryana: Issue and Challenge

Ashok Kumar


The present paper examine the spatio-temporal inter district variation in child sex ratio of the state Haryana. Sex  ratio  is  the  one  of  the  good  indicator  to  know  the not only women  status  in  the  society but also socio-economic  conditions  of a region. The sex ratio in Haryana during the past hundred years has remained about between (835 to 870). In 1901, the sex ratio in the State was 867 while in 1981 it was 870.But after 1981 there was a continue decreasing in sex ratio, in 1991it was 865and in 2001it was 861. Although , an increase of 11 points has been noticed  in  CSR  during  the  decade  2001  to  2011.  .But the total sex ratio and child sex ratio of the state is the lowest position in country. So, this state is the main focus area of this study. The decreasing child sex ratio is a great matter of concern because it will lead to serious demographic imbalance and adverse social consequences in near future of the state. This  paper  analysis  the  child sex  ratio  of  Haryana  and  will also discuss the initiatives  adopted by state government to improve  child sex ratio. Like Ladly, Beti Bacho, Beti Padhao and Sukanya Samriddhi yojana etc. This study also provides results that people of Haryana preferred birth of son as compared to the daughter. The paper is based on both primary and secondary data.

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