An Analysis of the Historical Evolution of Value based Education: A Religious Perspective22047

(Dr. Vinay Kumar


The interaction between the guru and the shishyas occupies a very prominent place in the relationship between these two. Surrender of the disciple and his intimacy with the guru stand mostly on their interaction. Teaching, learning process begin only when the students become completely a disciplined human being. It is only through a disciplined life that a student gets in tune with the guru and begins to learn knowledge gradually. Moral values play a very significant role in making a man disciplined. To be fully disciplined, one needs to be imbibed and embalm moral values within him/her. Your moral values are what make you a good or not so good person. Most of the time, you get you moral values from your family, or your social network. It is good to have a high standard of moral values. Most influential person, responsible for promotion of Ethical Values is our Guru or Teacher. In the study of Indus Valley Civilization, there is no clear indication towards the existence of Guru and his relations with the Shishya but the seals founded in the excavations indicate that they worship some deities as Gurus. In Hinduism a guru is a spiritual teacher or guide. In Vedic period the Rishis were considered as the Gurus. They lead very noble life and always prayed for the public welfare. They were considered as the role models by their disciples though as a Purohita or as an Acharya. In Vedic Period the word Guru was generally used for a person who shows the right path of life to all. Buddhism is based on the principle of non-violence. In Buddhism the ultimate goal of the life of every individual is to attain Nirvana. Firstly, this word Nirvana was used in Bhagwat Gita. It is a situation where the individual has no desire.  Mahavira Jain was the 24th Tiranthkara of Jainism as the 1st Tiranthkara was Rishabhdev and 23rd Tiranthkara was Parshavanath, it shows that the Guru Ship tradition was well strong in Jainism. In Jainism the three important elements (tatvas) are accepted which are Deva tatva, Guru tatva and Dharma tatva.  In Jainism Deva, Guru and Dharma are collectively worshipped. Guru is the significant figure in Bhakti Movement. The need of a Guru, in the course of enjoying mystical experiences, is always stressed in almost all the mystical traditions, but in medieval saints, the position of a Guru is well esteemed and is exalted so high that no distinction between a Guru and God is left.

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