Strategic dimensions for economic reform policies their impact on the agricultural sector in Yemen

Jasim Gshayyish Zwaid, Hasan Y. Bager, Ahmed Abdulraq Abdulrudha


Faced Yemen many problems and economic imbalances, after the establishment of the unity between the two parts of Yemen, and specifically during the period (1990 - 1994) exacerbated the problems and economic imbalances unified state of Yemen because of the problems and economic imbalances inherited, as well as the emergence of many economic factors, local, regional and international policies during that period , which had a negative impact on the Yemeni economy and in order to stop the deterioration reached by the Yemeni economy for the period above, the Yemeni government's economic reforms and comprehensive cooperation and coordination with the international Monetary Fund and World Bank in order to get financial support, in order to find out reforms on the agricultural sector results , it relies on a range of indicators, including the cultivated area and agricultural production and self-sufficiency ratios for the most important crops and the contribution of the agricultural sector in GDP. . After analyzing and comparing the indicators between the two before the reforms after reforms show the deterioration of the cultivated land area of grain has contributed to the decline in the amount of cultivated increase, which is reflected in the agricultural production, in addition to a decline in self-sufficiency of goods and agricultural products rates during the period of the implementation of reforms, especially grain products and decreased the percentage contribution the agricultural sector in GDP to its lowest level. Either for the application of the policy of liberalization of foreign trade and export orientation, it was a positive impact through higher agricultural exports and improve the quality of local products, and a negative impact through the high volume of agricultural imports and the deterioration of the domestic production of many

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