The Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus In Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan.

Dr. Muhammad Ramzan Aziz, Dr. Aiman Shahid, Dr. Noman Ali, Dr. Altaf Hussain


The gestational diabetes mellitus is poorly understood due to socioeconomic dynamics among pregnant ladies of Rahim yar khan. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of gestational diabeties mellitus among pregnant ladies of Rahim yar khan admitted to gynecological wards of sheikh zayed hospital Rahim yar khan. STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional study. DURATION: The data was collected  in four months from 03-02-2017 to 05-06-2017'.  SETTING: Data was collected in labour room and wards of gynecology of sheikh zayed hospital Rahim yar khan. METHOD:. A sample of 160 patients pregnant women who were admitted in labour room and gynecological wards of SZH RYK.A predesigned questionnaire was filled by interviewing these women having variables of Name, Age, Education, Residence, Working status, BMI, Family monthly income, Total number of children, Total number of normal deliveries, Number of C-sections, Knowledge of GDM, Family history of GDM, Any addiction and any previous maternal and fetal complications. RESULTS: Total number of women delivered was 160.the frequency of patients diagnosed as GDM was 15.6%. The frequency of GDM in this study was significantly associated with late age group (72.8%),illiteracy in mothers (53.8%),from rural areas (57.5%),housewives (80%),cousin marriages (72.5%),BMI above 25 (86%),addiction (smoking 12.5%),not diagnosed as GDM in previous pregnancies (94%). CONCLUSION:It was concluded that early detection, constant supervision ,delivery with intensive intrapartum monitoring, facilities of expert neonatologists, proper health care education to pregnant mothers can result in good maternal and fetal outcome without much morbidity.                                     

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