Analysis of Internal Combustion Engine Working On Hydrogen Fuel

Mohsin Khan


In History of internal combustion engine development, hydrogen has been considered at several phases as a substitute to hydrocarbon-based fuels. Starting from the seventeenth century, there have been several attempts to convert engines for hydrogen operation. Together with the progress in gas injection technology, it has become possible to control exactly the injection of hydrogen for safe operation. Since the fuel cell needs certain upgrade before it is widely used in vehicles, the traditional internal combustion engine is to play an important role in the transition. This study examines the performance characteristics and discharge of a hydrogen fueled traditional spark-ignition engine. Minute moderations are made for hydrogen feeding which do not change the basic characteristics of the original engine. Differentiation is made between the gasoline and hydrogen operation and engine design changes are discussed. Few remedies to overcome the backfire phenomena are attempted.

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