Geometric Features of Accident Rate in Highways

Kamineni Saibabu, M. Srinivasa Reddy


Road safety is an issue of prime importance in all motorized countries. The road accident results a serious social and economic problems. Studies focused on geometric design and safety aim to improve highway design and to eliminate hazardous locations. The effects of design elements such as horizontal and vertical curves, lane width, shoulder width, super elevation, median width, curve radius, sight distance, etc. on safety have been studied. The relationship between geometric design elements and accident rates is complex and not fully understood. Relatively little information is available on relationships between geometric design elements and accident rates. Although it has been clearly shown that very restrictive geometric elements such as very short sight distances or sharp horizontal curve result a considerably higher accident rates and that certain combinations of elements cause an unusually severe accident problem. In this paper, road geometric design elements and characteristics are taken into consideration, and explanations are given on how to which extent they affect highway safety. The relationship between safety and road geometric design are examined through results of studies mad in different countries and it compares the results of studies in different countries and summarizes current international knowledge of relationship between safety and the principal non-intersection geometric design parameters. In general, there is broad international agreement on these relationships.

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