A Review on Road Transport Engineering: Haryana State Road Transport

Ms. Rina


Road passenger transport was originally started in the private sector. However later on through nationalization of passenger transport in varying degree by the states, public sector was introduced in this sector. Presently passenger transport services are provided both by the State Transport Undertakings (STUs) and by private operators.  Following liberalization, the share of STUs has declined with the entry of private operators to meet the incremental passenger traffic demand.  The share of the private sector in the total number of buses has increased from 57 percent in 1980-81 to 85 percent in 2003-04. Over the years, the modal split in passenger movement between rail and road (by bus mode) has skewed in favor of the latter. The share of bus transport in passenger movement, which was around 15 percent in 1950-51, has increased to around 87 percent while that of railways has fallen from around 85 percent to barely 13 percent over the same period.  Taking into account the traffic carried by other commercial vehicles, the share of the private sector in total passenger traffic is estimated to be at about 85 percent.

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