Punjab During Muslim Rule in India: An Outline

Mr Amit


Due to the geographical location of Punjab, the rulers, society and economy used to changed frequently from time to time. Many major changes were faced from Indus valley civilization to British rule in India. A major change was occurred after the Muslim invaders in Punjab. Mahmud of Ghazni conquered the Khorasan, marched on Peshwar against the Hind Shai’s in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquest of Punjab (1007), deposed the Shia Ismaili rulers of Multan, Ghaznavid lasted until 1187. This gives a strong foundation to Muslim rulers, and established Sultnate over north India. The Sultanate ruled from Delhi (1206 to 1526), when the last was replaced by Mughal dynasty. During the Sultanate Punjab became a frontier and a place for migrators. Tribes were playing prominent role in Punjab during medieval ages especially before the era of Akbar. Akbar The Great provide stability to provincial system and the fixed the boundaries. Akbar provides Mansabdari and Jagirdari to the region and stability on administrative system in Punjab Suba. Medieval Punjab is also known for the Sufism of that time and well-established trade with west. Uprising of Sikhism also denoted in medieval Punjab. Punjab remains stable until the region of later Mughals.

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