The U.S Foreign Policy Failures of Regime Change in Iraq- A hegemonic Realism

Edson Alie Kamara


Following the September 11, 2001 terrorist‘s attacks on the United States main land, President Bush in response declared Global War on Terror (GWT) and states that sponsor terrorist organizations either by providing them a safe haven, training, or ammunition. This quest was made entrenched in the 2002 National Security Strategy which precipitated the birth of a controversial foreign policy referred to as the Bush Doctrine (of preemption). Afghanistan and Iraq became main targets for the implementation of this new policy. This paper critically examines how the doctrine of pre-emption as articulated in the National Security Strategy (NSS) created the platform for the invasion of Iraq and the elimination of Saddam Hussein and its Ba‘ath party. It assess‘ the official reasons for the invasion as expressed in the aforementioned document and highlights possible covert reasons behind the war game plan. This work refutes the claims that pre-emption represents an emerging norm of international law and is attuned with the United Nations Charter. This paper concludes that the policy in its entirety failed and thus resulted to unprecedented consequences.



Regime change, The Bush Doctrine, Weapons of Mass Destruction, Global War on Terror, ORHA, Counter Insurgency

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