Assesment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Of Contraceptives in Women of Reproductive Age in Faisal Abad, Pakistan

Mehrina Abbas, Rabia Nazim, Muhammad Ishaq, Asma Majeed


Contraceptive methods in family planning were a big innovation for control of fast growing population. The world population has been reached to a set target in the developed world. However, Pakistan, which is the 6th populous country of world and 4th in Asia, still face problem with the control of fast growing population.The population of Pakistan will double to 260 million by the year 2035. Marriage at young age, increasing fertility rate, increasing poverty, unintended pregnancy, unsafe abortion and sexually transmitted diseases continue to be major health problem and are indicators for an increasing need for modern methods of contraceptive utilization in Pakistan. This was a descriptive crossectional study conducted to assess contraceptive knowledge, attitude and practices in Faisal Abad City from 1 May 2018 to 10 jun 2018.Total 420 women of reproductive age (20 – 49) participated in the survey. Out of 420, 316 women gave response to questions.Data was collected from the population of Faisal Abad by self-structured questionnaire. For data analysis, SPSS version 21has been used.  Results were compiled and then compared with international and national literature. Mostly married women with children (92.7%) had good knowledge of contraceptives. Knowledge of women about different types of contraceptive was 74.1%. Among the sampled population attitude was checked by five-point Likert scale. Most married women were practicing condom (21.1) and mini progesterone pills (20.3%) respectively. Married women (31.6%) were practicing more than one contraceptive method. The main reason behind the use of contraceptives was birth spacing (37%). Most of the women (67%) were agreed that People do not use contraceptives due to lack of knowledge/ partner disapproval/ religion. The practice was high in women of age (36-45) but low in women of age (18-25), which was due the illiteracy. By increasing the educational status of women, we can improve the practice of contraception.

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